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Origin of the name ARTAXERXES.
Etymology of the name ARTAXERXES.
Meaning of the baby name ARTAXERXES.


ARTAXERXES (Ἀρταξέρξης).  Greek form of Persian Ardeshír, meaning "mighty king."  This was a title of several Persian kings, two of whom are mentioned in the Old Testament Bible.

Artaxerxes, at the instigation of the enemies of the Jews issued an edict, prohibiting them from rebuilding Jerusalem. (Ezra iv. 7-22)  This Artaxerxes is generally considered to be the pseudo-Smerdis, one of the Persian Magi, who assumed that name, and pretending to be Smerdis the son of Cyrus and the brother of Cambyses, occupied the throne between the reigns of Cambyses and Darius the son of Hystaspes. (An Introduction to the Critical Study and Knowledge of the Holy Scriptures, Horne, v.3, 1872)


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