Origin of the name CAMBYSES.
Etymology of the
Meaning of the baby name CAMBYSES.
form of Persian Kambujiya
(q.v.), a royal name appearing in the Greek form Kambyses
in Herodotus and Greek writers
generally. The name is said to mean "the Kambujien" or
"Crown Prince Kambuja."
... Bardiya, le Σμέρδις
d'Hérodote, le Μέρδις d'Eschyle, ne vient
point de bared barez; e'est très probablement un titre d'apanage,
ou une indication d'origine, faisant la paire avec le nom de Cambyse;
Cambyse, Kambujiya, signifie "le Kambujien" ou, si l'on
veut "prince héritier de Kambuja" et Μέρδις
Bardiya signifie le Bardien, c'est-à-dire le Marde;... (Études Iraniennes,
Darmesteter, v.2, 1883.
known by the name of Cambyses belong to the Achaemenian line of Persian
kings. It is thought that the great-grandfather of Cyrus the Great
was thus called. The evidence, however, for the existence of this
Cambyses, though strong, is constructive rather than direct (see
Rawlinson's Herodotus, vol. iv. p. 259). It is certain that
the father of Cyrus was named Cambyses. He is called by Herodotus
(i. 107) "a Persian of good family," but by Xenophon (Cyrop.,
i. 11, 1) he is denominated "king of the Persians." The
justness of this title is proved by an inscription on a brick found at
Senkereh, in which Cyrus calls himself "the son of Cambyses, the
powerful king," as well as by the statement of Darius Hystaspis, in
the Behistun inscription (col. i. 4), that eight of his Achaemenian
ancestors had been kings... (Encyclopedia Brittanica, 9th ed., v.4, 1894)
CAMBYSES. The son of Cyrus, king of Persia. He ascended the
throne about B.C. 529, soon after which he successfully invaded Egypt, and
established the first Persian dynasty. At his first conquest he
testified much respect for the religion and customs of the Egyptians, and
caused himself to be initiated into the Isaic mysteries; but afterwards
being unsuccessful in battle, and believing that the people hated him, he
changed his demeanour towards them, and ridiculing their religion, and
especially the worship of Apis, caused their temples to be rifled and the
bull god himself slain. There is no direct reference to this event
in the Hieroglyphic texts, except a statement that under Cambyses, or Kambish
as he was called, "a great calamity afflicted the entire
country." A few years after this occurrence the king died B.C.
521. The name of Cambyses is found in the Assyrian texts also, but
his more proper place is in the annals of Classic history. (An Archaic
Dictionary, Cooper, 1876).