Origin of the name FELIX.
Etymology of the name FELIX.
Meaning of the baby name FELIX.
An Anglicized form of Irish Felim
(q.v.), meaning "great goodness." (Irish Pedigrees; or, The Origin and Stem of the Irish
Nation, O'Hart, 1892).
Biblical. [Latin = "happy"]. In Greek
Φήλιξ. Usage: America,
Austria, England, Germany, Switzerland.
A Roman who,
about A.D. 53, was appointed by the Emperor Claudius procurator of
Galilee, Samaria, Judaea, and Peraea, which together made up the whole
of Palestine (Joseph., Antiq., XX. vii. § 1; Wars, II.
xii. 8). He seems to have obtained this appointment partly through
the influence of his brother, Pallas, who was a great man at the court
of Claudius. Nero, the successor of Claudius, transferred four
Galilean cities from Felix to Agrippa. Felix's first effort was to
put down the robbers who infested the land. He was successful, and
capturing many of them, crucified the ordinary sort, but sent their
leader, Eleazar, to Rome (Wars, II. xiii. § 2). Josephus charged
him with having encouraged the robbers to murder Jonathan, the high
priest, partly on whose recommendation he had been appointed by Claudius
to the procuratorship. The cause of quarrel was the fidelity with
which Jonathan had given him good counsel regarding his government of
the Jews. The impunity with which this gross crime was treated by
the Roman representative emboldened the robbers to become Sicarii, i.e.
people who concealed daggers about their persons and, mingling with
crowds, stabbed those to whom they had an antipathy (Antiq., XX.
xiii § 5). Next false prophets arose and led people in multitudes
into the wilderness, where they were told God would "show them the
signals of liberty." No signals were, however, shown; and
Felix, believing these wilderness gatherings to be the commencement of
revolt, attacked the people present and slew them in large numbers (Wars,
II. xiii. § 3, 4). An Egyptian soon afterwards made his
appearance as a prophet and led out to the Mount of Olives a great mob,
under the pretence that they would see the walls of Jerusalem fall down,
leaving them every facility for entering the city. Felix attacked
them with troops, slaying about 400, and taking about 200 more
prisoners. The Egyptian escaped from the ruin he had brought on
others. His insurrection was A.D. 55, and when about A.D. 60, five
years later, the riot about St. Paul arose, Claudius Lysias, the Roman
commandant at Jerusalem, seems to have half suspected that the Apostle
was the Egyptian back again to excite fresh troubles (Acts xxi. 38;
Josephus, Antiq., XX. xiii. 6). Under Felix's
administration also arose those collisions between the Jews and the
Syrians at Caesarea which were destined to recur and help towards the
ruin of the Jewish polity (§ 7; Wars, II. xiii. 7). Felix,
as already mentioned, was procurator when Paul was arrested at Jerusalem
on the false charge of profaning the temple; and when to prevent the
Apostle's assassination it was needful to send him to Caesarea, the
letter explaining the case was written by Claudius Lysias to Felix,
whose head-quarters were at Caesarea (Acts xxiii. 26). When, after
his accusers had come, his trial took place, Felix was the judge before
whom the pleadings took place. Mention is made of "his wife
Drusilla which was a Jewess," who seems to have been present at a
subsequent interview. It was then that, as Paul "reasoned of
righteousness, temperance, and judgment to come, Felix trembled"
(Acts xxiv. 1-26). No wonder. Drusilla had been married to
Azizus, king of Emesa, and Felix, who was fascinated by her beauty, had
seduced her away from her rightful husband (Josephus, Antiq., XX.
vii. § 1, 2). But there was no real repentance for his sin.
The transgressor procrastinated and said to the Apostle, "Go thy
way for this time; when I have a convenient season I will call for
thee." It does not appear that the convenient season ever
came. It is discreditable to Felix that, convinced as he evidently
was of the Apostle's innocence, he failed to release him, hoping that
his prisoner would bribe him to do that justice which it was his bounden
duty to have granted without money and without price. Disappointed
as to the bribe, he still believed that he could make political capital
out of the man of God by leaving him bound, to please the Jews.
This did not, however, prevent them complaining of him after he had
ceased to be procurator and returned to Rome about A.D. 60 or 62.
They represented that he had not acted well in the Caesarean riots, and
he would have been punished by Nero had not the powerful intercession of
his brother Pallas, who was a favourite with the reigning emperor, as he
had been with his predecessor, been exerted in his favour (Josephus, Antiq.,
XX. viii. 9). He was succeeded in the procuratorship by Porcius
Festus. [Festus.] (The
Sunday School Teacher's Bible Manual, Hunter, 1894)
Butterfly Names, Dragon
Names, Dream Names,
Rainbow Names, Secret
Names, Shadow Names, Warrior
Weekday Names, Wolf Names &