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Origin of the name LAUNCELOT.
Etymology of the name LAUNCELOT.
Meaning of the baby name LAUNCELOT.


LAUNCELOT.  Arthurian.  A knight of the Round Table, and son of king Ban.  From Ancelot (q.v.), meaning "the servant."

    Launcelot (Sir), originally called Galahad, was the son of Ban king of Benwick (Brittany) and his wife Elein (pt. i. 60).  He was stolen in infancy by Vivienne the Lady of the Lake, who brought him up till he was presented to king Arthur and knighted.  In consequence, he is usually called sir Launcelot du Lac.  He ws in "the eighth degree [or generation] of our Saviour" (pt. iii. 35); was uncle to sir Bors de Ganis (pt. iii. 4); his brother was sir Ector de Maris (pt. ii. 127); and his son, by Elaine daughter of king Pelles, was sir Galahad, the chastest of the 150 knights of the Round Table, and therefore allotted to the "Siege Perilous" and the quest of the holy graal, which he achieved.  Sir Launcelot had from time to time a glimpse of his amours with queen Guenever, was never allowed more than a distant and fleeting glance of it (pt. iii. 18, 22, 45).
    Sir Launcelot was the strongest and bravest of the 150 knights of the Round Table; the two next were sir Tristram and sir Lamoracke.  His adultery with queen Guenever was directly or indirectly the cause of the death of king Arthur, the breaking up the Round Table, and the death of most of the knights.  The tale runs thus:  Mordred and Agravain hated sir Launcelot, told the king he was too familiar with the queen, and, in order to make good their charge, persuaded Arthur to go a-hunting.  While absent in the chase, the queen sent for sir Launcelot to her private chamber, when Mordred, Agravain, and twelve other knights beset the door, and commanded him to come forth.  In coming forth he slew sir Agravain and the twelve knights; but Mordred escaped, and told the king, who condemned Guenever to be burnt to death.  She was brought to the stake, but rescued by sir Launcelot, who carried her off to Joyous Guard, near Carlisle.  The king besieged the castle, but received a bull from the pope, commanding him to take back the queen.  This he did, but refused to be reconciled to sir Launcelot, who accordingly left the realm and went to Benwick.  Arthur crossed over with an army to besiege Benwick, leaving Mordred regent.  The traitor Mordred usurped the crown, and tried to make the queen marry him; but she rejected his proposal with contempt.  When Arthur heard thereof, he returned, and fought three battles with his nephew, in the last of which Mordred was slain, and the king received from his nephew his death-wound.  The queen now retired to the convent of Almesbury, where she was visited by sir Launcelot; but as she refused to leave the convent, sir Launcelot turned monk, died "in the odour of sanctity," and was buried in Joyous Guard (pt. iii. 143-175)... (The Reader's Handbook of Famous Names in Fiction, &c., Brewer, v.1, 1899)


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