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Origin of the name NEBUCHADREZZAR.
Etymology of the name NEBUCHADREZZAR.
Meaning of the baby name NEBUCHADREZZAR.


NEBUCHADREZZAR (נְבוּכַדְרֶאצַּר).  Nebuchadrezzar II., or The Great, was the son of Nabopolassar, who associated him in the government of Babylonia two years before his death.  In B.C. 605 Nebuchadrezzar defeated Pharaoh Necho at Carchemish, and overthrew the Egyptian empire in Asia.  He was summoned home immediately afterwards by his father's death.  Nebuchadrezzar reigned alone from 604 until his death in 561, when he was succeeded by his son Evil-Merodach.  He had married Amuhia or Amytis, the daughter of the Median king during Nabopolassar's lifetime, but since Herodotus ascribes his buildings at Babylon to a queen Nitokris, it has been supposed that Amuhia died before her husband, and that he then married an Egyptian princess called Nitokris.  It was for Amuhia that the hanging gardens were constructed.  In 597 Nebuchadnezzar commenced the siege of Tyre, which was concluded in 585.  Jerusalem had already been destroyed, its king Zedekiah carried to Babylon, and Palestine thoroughly subdued in 587.  He is supposed to have afterwards invaded Egypt, and ravaged the Northern part of the country, and Susiania must have been conquered about the same time.  The Cuneiform inscriptions show him to have been a pious monarch and a great builder.  He completed the two walls of Babylon begun by his father, built a palace for himself in fifteen days, lined the Euphrates with brick, constructed reservoirs and canals, and erected numberless temples.  Many other temples, like that of Borsippa, were restored, Babylon was enlarged and beautified, and gold and other costly materials brought from all parts of the world to adorn his buildings.  Of his temporary insanity no mention has yet been found on the Babylonian monuments, the reference which was by M. Oppert at one time supposed to refer to the event, having been since read more satisfactorily in another manner by its discoverer.
    Nebuchadrezzar II.  Two impostors arose in Babylonia at the beginning of the reign of Darius Hystaspes, who each claimed to be Nebuchaddrezzar II., the son of Nabonidus, the last king of Babylon.  The first of these was a Babylonian named Nadinta-Bel, the son of Œnares, who was defeated on the banks of the Trigris, and again at Zarana, and finally captured and put to death at Babylon.  The second was an Armenian called Aracus, the son of Handita, who had settled in Dobana, a district of Babylonia.  Intaphres, the general of Darius, however, took Babylon and seized Aracus, who was brought to Darius and executed. (An Archaic Dictionary, Cooper, 1876)


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