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Origin of the name PTOLEMY PHILOPATER.
Etymology of the name PTOLEMY PHILOPATER.
Meaning of the baby name PTOLEMY PHILOPATER.


PTOLEMY PHILOPATER.  Ptolemy (IV.) Philopater, "Father Loving."  The son of Ptolemy Euergetes, whom he succeeded, B.C. 222, and owing to the wisdom of his predecessors, found himself at the head of the greatest naval power in the world, and an empire extending from Ethiopia to Upper Syria, and including Cyrene, the cities of the coast of Asia Minor, and Ænos and Maronea in Thrace.  By the advice of his chief minister, Sosibius, he commenced his reign by putting to death his mother Berenice, and his brother Magus, and then soon gave himself up to pleasures and excesses.  The kingdom falling into decay, Philopater was roused into action by Antiochus the Great, who had obtained Seleucia by the treachery of the Egyptian garrison, and had become master of Syria and Palestine before Ptolemy was able to bring his army into the field.  In the battles which ensued between the two monarchs, the king of Egypt was defeated at many places and finally at Raphia, B.C. 217, and thus lost the whole of his Asiatic dominions.  He still continued, however, to follow the dictates of an imperious voluptuousness, and marked his want of policy by a specious attention to literature and art, more especially the arts of music and poetry.  He died, worn out with disease, in the seventeenth year of his reign, B.C. 205, leaving the empire of the Ptolemies weakened by misrule and over taxation, and attacked both by the Syrians and Easterns. (An Archaic Dictionary, Cooper, 1876).


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