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Origin of the name SETI.
Etymology of the name SETI.
Meaning of the baby name SETI.


SETI.  I.  Or Seti Menepthah, surnamed Merenpthah, "The Living like Set."  A famous king of the XIXth dynasty, the adopted son or son-in-law and the successor of Rameses I.  He seems to have been a soldier of fortune, of Hykshos extraction, who by marriage with the heiress to the crown established himself on the throne.  On his accession he reintroduced the worship of Sutekh, which was still further strengthened by his son Rameses II., who founded a temple to that deity at Tanis.  Seti was a great warrior, and in the first year of his reign drove back the Shashu, who had attacked the city of Zal, near Heliopolis.  Having thrust the Arabs into the desert, he in the next year crossed over to Palestine, where all the Canaanitish princes paid him tribute and homage.  Gathering his army together, he then entered the valley of the Orontes, where he defeated the Khitae, and captured their capital city Kadesh, and made peace with Mautnur, the king of the Khitae, whom as a tributary he restored to his dominions.  After this the king of Egypt turned back to conquer the Rotennu, on this side the Euphrates, they having discontinued the tribute imposed on them by the Thothmes kings of the XVIIIth dynasty.  The nations of the Arameans were easily subdued, but those beyond the Euphrates gave more trouble to the Egyptian conqueror; some great battles, however, brought about the complete subjection of Mesopotamia, Assyria, and Chaldea.  Seti admitted to an interview the chiefs of Babylon, Nineveh, and Singar, and a last campaign in the mountains of Armenia re-established the supremacy of Pharaoh in that country also.  On returning to Egypt, Seti sent a series of slave-hunting expeditions into Ethiopia, and completely conquered the more barbarous Negroid races to the South of Egypt.  On the North-west frontier the victorious monarch then repulsed the incursions of the Libyans, and in turn successfully invaded their kingdom.  Finally, he reconstructed the Egyptian fleet on the Red Sea, and re-asserted the power of the Pharaohs on the shores of Arabia Felix.  The Mediterranean conquests of Thothmes III., Seti was, however, unable to regain, owing to the rapid growth of the Pelasgic and Phoenician colonies, which had settled themselves in all the islands of the inland sea.  It was not only as a warrior that Seti was a great monarch: in his internal policy he was also distinguished.  He commenced the large canal from the Nile to the Red Sea, a work which was completed by his son Rameses II., who has usurped the credit of it.  He caused an artesian well to be sunk at the mines of Kuban, and he built several important fortresses along the frontiers of his kingdom.  The palace at Kurnah was founded by Seti as a country residence, and the stupendous temples of Karnak and of Osiris at Abydos were designed and begun by him.  His tomb in the Valley of the Kings at the Biban el Moluk is one of the grandest and deepest in existence, extending as it does for upwards of three hundred yards into the solid rock, and having many splendidly adorned chambers leading from it, in one of which nearly 1000 votive Shabti figures of the monarch were discovered when the tomb was opened by Belzoni, its discoverer, on the 19th October, 1817.  His alabaster sarcophagus, now in the Soane Museum, is unique for beauty of workmanship, the value of its material, and the extent of the text, chiefly selections from the Ritual of the Dead, which is incised upon it.  Most of the national works of Seti were, however, finished by Rameses II., who, by inserting his own name on the sculptures, has obtained the credit of them all.  Seti was one of the several great kings of the XIXth dynasty out of whom the Greek authors manufactured the fabulous Sesostris.  He was probably, also, the Osymandyas of history, and according to the lists of Manetho reigned for fifty years.  His name is written Osirei-Menepthah by Champollion, Oimenepthah by Sharpe, Asi-menepthah by some Egyptologists, and Psammis and Sethos by others.  In his cartouches the first letters of his name, which began with the figure of the god Set, have been carefully chiselled out; and in the Flaminian Obelisk at Rome, which was originally a work of his reign also, the figure of the god Ra inserted instead.  This mutilation of the names of Set and Amen took place several times in the history of Egypt.  See Rameses II. and Amenhotep IV. 
    Seti II.  Surnamed Menepthah.  The son of Menepthah I. and his queen Hesi-nefer-et.  He had to contend for some years with the usurper Sipthah or Merenpthah II., with whom for a while he shared the kingdom under the title of "Viceroy of the Southern Kingdom."  He reigned for many years, but particulars of his government are wanting, although it appears to have been a prosperous one.  He left no issue, and with him ended the XIXth dynasty, after it had lasted 174 years.  After his death his name was effaced from the monuments, as was also that of his predecessors Set I. and Rameses I., on account of the figure of the god Set occurring in them, for which the figure of the god Osiris was substituted, the adoration of Set being again hateful to the Egyptians.  See also Set and Apepi.
    Seti, a prince of Kush during the reign of the usurper Sipthah, of the XIXth dynasty.
    Seti, a son of Rameses II. of the XIXth dynasty. (An Archaic Dictionary, Cooper, 1876).


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