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Origin of the name TIGLATH.
Etymology of the name TIGLATH.
Meaning of the baby name TIGLATH.


TIGLATH.  Or Tuklat.  The Assyrian name which the Egyptians changed into Takarut or Takelot, when it was borne by the kings of the XXIInd dynasty.
    Tiglath Pileser I., or Tuklat-pal-assur I., one of the most famous of the older Assyrian monarchs.  He was the son and successor of Assur-ris-ilim, about B.C. 1120.  He began his reign by resubduing the tribes around Assyria which had revolted from their allegiance, after which he conquered the Muski, a people of Hittite origin, who had invaded the region of the Upper Euphrates, and ravaged the land.  These nations with their kings were defeated by the king of Assyria, who marched into Kummuha, re-annexed the country, and subdued all the petty kingdoms on the borders of the Tigris.  Seris, with its monarch Kiliteru, was plundered and burnt, as were also Urrahinas, which with its king Saditeru, submitted and escaped complete destruction.  The states of Subari, Alzi, and Puruluz, were next reduced, and this was followed by a desperate attempt of the Hittites to again repulse the Assyrians, but on the approach of the king their army of 4000 men surrendered at discretion, and 120 chariots were delivered up to Tiglath Pileser, who a second time plundered Kummuha.  The four following years of his reign were simply a series of victories over the Adavas of the mountains, the people of the plain country by the Lower Zab, and the districts of the Northern Sugi, Kirhi, Luhi, Arirgi, Alamun, and Elani.  From these countries the Assyrian conqueror carried off as trophies twenty-five images of their respective gods, which he placed in the temples of Beltis, Anu, Vul, and Ishtar.  Nairi and sixteen districts North of the Upper Euphrates were then annexed.  The Nairi gathered an army headed by sixty local kings, but all were defeated by Tiglath Pileser, who imposed on the confederation a tribute of 1200 horses and 2000 oxen.  In his later years Karchemish, Northern Syria, and part of Babylonia, then ruled by Maruduk-nadin-ahi, were invaded, as also the Nairi for a third time.  Tiglath Pileser was passionately fond of hunting.  He chased wild bulls on the Lebanon, he slaughtered 120 lions, besides numerous other wild animals.  At his capital city Assur he established a park or plaisaunce for battues of wild animals.  The local princes paid him tribute of bulls and beasts, and the king of Egypt sent him a present of a crocodile.  In his domestic or official capacity the king was a great builder and restorer of the various national temples and public works, and on his death "Tiglath Pileser I. left Assyria the foremost monarchy of the world, his empire extending from below the Lower Zab to Lake Van and the Upper Euphrates (Karasu), and from the mountains East of Assyria to Pethor in Syria, including all the region of the Khabour, while his conquests and expeditions extended on every side outside this line, on the West to the Mediterranean, and on the South to Babylon." (Smith.)  Tiglath Pileser I. reigned in all about twenty years, and he was succeeded by his son Assur-bel-kala, of whom little is known, and under whose feeble reign, and that of his brother Samsi-Vul III., nearly all the conquests of the great king were lost.
    Tiglath Pileser II.  According to the inscriptions this monarch was not related to the royal family, but was an usurper who fought his way to the throne of Assyria, B.C. 745, during the revolts which followed the death of Assurnirari II.  As soon as he had firmly established himself he made a war against the princes of Armenia, who incited by Sarduri of Ararat, disputed the power of Assyria.  These rebels he utterly defeated at the battle of Kummuha (Commagene), and again crossed the Euphrates and conquered the city of Arpad, which required a year's warfare to subdue it.  He then divided the conquered country of Hamath among his generals, and in a few years afterwards had again to fight against the armies of Sarduri and his allies.  These he again defeated, and ravaged their country.  Scarcely was that war terminated when his aid was implored by Ahaz, king of Judah, against Rezon of Damascus.  Advancing therefore to his aid Tiglath Pileser conquered the whole of Syria, and delivering Ahaz compelled him to pay tribute.  About the time he obtained possession of Damascus, and held there a grand court, where nearly the whole of the princes of Syria and Mesopotamia paid him homage and brought offerings.  He then returned to Nineveh, and declared himself king of Babylon, of Sumir, and of Accad, a proclamation which stirred up a fresh revolt which was headed by the chief of the city of Silani, Nabuusabsi.  Him he defeated and crucified on the walls of his city.  After this he returned in peace to Babylon, and held a great festival to the deity Bel.  Scarcely had that finished when another revolt arose, of which no particulars remain.  Tiglath Pileser was for a fourth time victorious, and shortly afterwards died, leaving the throne of the united empire to his successor Shalmaneser IV.  His empire extended from Persia to Egypt, and from the Persian Gulf to Armenia, respectively 1200 by 800 miles
. (An Archaic Dictionary, Cooper, 1876).


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